Developmental/Intellectual Disabilities

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Has the Promise Been Kept? Federal Enforcement of Disability Rights Laws

This report assesses the degree to which the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and the U.S. Access Board have addressed the recommendations issued in the 2000 NCD report, "Promises to Keep: A Decade of Federal Enforcement of the Americans with Disabilities Act". NCD also uses the framework developed in this previous report to evaluate how various agencies implement and enforce the Americans with Disabilities Act and other federal disability rights laws and programs.

Short URL: http://www.advancingstates.org/node/70860

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States Focus on Quality and Outcomes Amid Waiver Changes: Results from a 50-State Medicaid Budget Survey for State Fiscal Years 2018 and 2019

This recently released report examines the reforms, policy changes, and initiatives that occurred in FY 2018 and those adopted for implementation for FY 2019. The report focuses on changes in eligibility, managed care and delivery system reforms, long-term services and supports, provider payment rates and taxes, covered benefits, and pharmacy and opioid strategies.

Short URL: http://www.advancingstates.org/node/70859

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A comparison of nursing home usage in states with and without Medicaid Managed LTSS

This study from Milliman highlights the success that MLTSS programs have had in reducing institutional care for older adults and people with disabilities compared to states operating a fee for service system, both in absolute numbers as well as the acuity level of consumers receiving services in nursing facilities.

Short URL: http://www.advancingstates.org/node/70858

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National Disability Employment Policy, From the New Deal to the Real Deal: Joining the Industries of the Future

This report is a follow-up to NCD's 2012 report discussing Section 14(c) of the Fair Labor Standards Act. This 2018 report assesses the status of Section 14(c) employment, explores trends regarding American workers with disabilities being paid below minimum wage, and highlights recent policy changes impacting this employment model. NCD also makes recommendations for building capacity for supported employment services and changing pay structures.

Short URL: http://www.advancingstates.org/node/70828

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HCBS Conference 2018- Presentations

While faced with new challenges, reduced budgets, and growing populations requiring more services, states are stronger than ever, and the work they do is more effective than ever in reaching individuals and addressing their needs. The National Home and Community Based Services (HCBS) Conference 2018 highlights these achievements, allowing states to share best practices, present unique partnerships, and recognize the work of their peers.

Short URL: http://www.advancingstates.org/node/70802

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Medicaid Home and Community-Based Services: Selected States' Program Structures and Challenges Providing Services

State Medicaid programs are increasingly opting to cover home and community-based services. This report looks at the efforts of various state Medicaid programs, examines their structure, and highlights the challenges encountered. From this review, GAO highlights three main challenges: 1) difficulty recruiting and retaining home care workers, 2) difficulty serving those with complex needs and, 3) limited funding for HCBS services.

Short URL: http://www.advancingstates.org/node/70785

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States Expand Employment and Training Opportunities for People with Disabilities

This recently released white paper explains the barriers to employment faced by people with disabilities and highlights areas where governors can help people with disabilities overcome the challenges they may face in seeking employment. The strategies in this paper were developed following a learning lab meeting with states to discuss ways to take advantage of pools of untapped talent and ensure that workforce development and hiring policies are inclusive of people with disabilities.

Short URL: http://www.advancingstates.org/node/70777

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Achieving Value in Medicaid Home- and Community-Based Care: Considerations for Managed Long-Term Services and Supports Programs

Medicaid value-based payment (VBP) models tie payment to outcomes including quality of care, health status, and costs. This guide outlines considerations for adopting value-based payment (VBP) to promote high-quality MLTSS programs. It combines insights from five states - Minnesota, New York, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia - with input from national health policy experts.

Short URL: http://www.advancingstates.org/node/70745

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Building an Accessible Workforce Development System: Recommendations to American Job Centers on Supporting Autistic Peopleand Others with Disabilities to Promote Successful Employment

American Job Centers (AJCs) serve as destinations for people in search of career counseling, job connections, and employment-related services. This brief examines actions that (AJC) staff can take to make their services more accessible to autistic people and others with psychosocial, cognitive, intellectual, and developmental disabilities (DD). It outlines six specific recommendations for AJCs to promote equal opportunity and increase access for job seekers.

Short URL: http://www.advancingstates.org/node/70690

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Prevalence of Disabilities and Health Care Access by Disability Status and Type Among Adults — United States, 2016

The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is an ongoing state-based, random-digit-dialed telephone survey of noninstitutionalized U.S. adults. The 2016 BRFSS survey included questions about six disability types; hearing, vision, cognition, mobility, self-care, and independent living. One in four (61 million) U.S. adults reported a disability. Disability-specific disparities in health care access were prevalent, particularly among young and middle-aged adults.

Short URL: http://www.advancingstates.org/node/70683

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